世界のカーボンクレジット（コンプライアンスとボランタリー）市場：取引額、取引量、セグメント（ヨーロッパ、北米、英国ETS、ニュージーランド、韓国、中国、CER）、プロジェクトカテゴリ（林業、土地利用、再生可能エネルギー、化学プロセス/工業生産、家庭/コミュニティ デバイス、廃棄物処理、エネルギー効率/燃料転換、農業、輸送)、地域規模別分析と動向 – 2028年までの予測
Global Carbon Credit (Compliance & Voluntary) Market: Analysis By Traded Value, By Traded Volume, By Segment (Europe, North America, UK ETS, New Zealand, South Korea, China, and CERs), By Project Category (Forestry and Land Use, Renewable Energy, Chemical Process/Industrial Manufacturing, Household/Community Devices, Waste Disposal, Energy Efficiency/ Fuel Switching, Agriculture, and Transportation), By Region Size and Trends with Impact of COVID-19 and Forecast up to 2028
The global carbon credit market traded value was US$978.56 billion in 2022. The market is expected to reach US$2.68 trillion by 2028. On the other hand, the global carbon credit market traded volume reached 13.22 GtCO2e in 2022. The traded volume is expected to reach 19.57 GtCO2e by 2028. A carbon credit is a way to measure, value, and trade a verifiable and quantifiable amount of GHG emissions with one credit universally understood to mean one ton of carbon dioxide or equivalent (tCO2e). Article 6 of the Paris Agreement provides a framework for the use of carbon credits, which can increase demand for them. In addition, the Paris Agreement requires countries to regularly update and enhance their nationally determined contributions (NDCs), which can lead to increased demand for carbon credits as countries seek to meet more ambitious emissions reduction targets.
There is increasing regulatory and stakeholder pressure on global corporations to lower emissions. These trends are driving demand for carbon credits, giving rise to two sets of markets, which could grow meaningfully in the coming decades. At present, the overall carbon market is mainly characterized by the degree of regulation, namely the regulated compliance carbon market (CCM) and the unregulated voluntary carbon market (VCM). The CCM is more mature and has historically generated stronger mitigation actions and incentives to decarbonize the economy than the VCM. CCM most commonly takes the form of an Emissions Trading System (ETS), which is also known as a cap and trade program, the largest of which is the European Union ETS. Article 6 of the Paris Agreement also contemplates an international market that allows for voluntary cooperation between two or more countries on emissions reductions. The global carbon credit market traded value is determined to grow at a CAGR of 18.23% during the forecast period of 2023-2028. At the same time, the carbon credit market traded volume is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.78%.